Patina: step by step to learn how to do it at home and 36 inspirations

December 2, 2021 0 Comments

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / MARINA LINHARES

Patina is a great solution to renew and give a new face to that piece of furniture or object that is half forgotten at home. You can restore beds, tables, dressers, dressers, cabinets, boxes and whatever else you want. This handcrafted work is very easy to put into practice and helps to reuse even those furniture that are already out of fashion.

The basic rule of thumb for making a patina is to paint your furniture any color and, based on that color, choose another shade, lighter or darker to mix. The colors most used in this technique are white and beige, but you can also mix more cheerful colors and make the restored piece even more original. From then on, the secret of the aged effect, characteristic of this painting, can be done in various ways: with hard bristle brushes, steel wool, waxes, paraffins, candles or even pieces of glass.

There is a wide variety of ways to do this technique, and the most interesting thing is that each patina is unique, and each person does it differently. Did you like the idea and want to learn how to do it? Check out our tips and step-by-step instructions below to apply patina and transform your home’s furniture.

Step by step: how to make Provencal patina

Provencal patina is one of the most commonly used types of patina in handicrafts, and also one of the simplest to make. The main feature of this style is that the surface of the furniture is completely painted, while the corners and edges have a worn appearance. Furthermore, in the traditional Provençal patina the background is always dark brown, as it would be the original color of the wood, and the covering is usually white or some very light color. The Provençal style helps to redecorate your furniture, giving it that aged and romantic look.

Material needed:

  • Three types of sandpaper: coarse, medium and fine
  • A round brush, a small flat brush and a wide flat brush
  • A rough sponge, a soft cloth, steel wool #00 and #000
  • white PVA paint
  • Two paints in two tones, one lighter (preferably white) and another a little darker, in the desired color

Step 1: Sand the part and clean it well

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PHOTO: ISTOCK

Sand the entire piece with the coarsest sandpaper to remove all the varnish and other types of products possible. This process also serves to make the wood very porous to receive the new paint. Sand every corner and don’t forget about crevices, folds and embossing. Wipe off dust and sand a second time with medium sandpaper. Clean well again and sand a third time with the finest sandpaper. Always try to sand in the same direction, so that the final result is even more satisfactory. After sanding, clean the piece well with a damp cloth and remove all dust.

Tips:

  • To make any kind of patina, it is essential to have a very clean surface. If you’re thinking of working on furniture that already has a coating (paint, varnish or wax), remember that you’ll have to remove everything before you start painting. Use the appropriate remover for the product you want to remove and leave your piece very clean, it can be a blower or a liquid or gel paint remover.
  • Before starting to paint permanently, make a test on a small hidden surface of your furniture, to avoid any problems.

Step 2: Prepare the background for painting

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PHOTO: ISTOCK

This step is very important because if you don’t prepare the furniture properly before doing the final painting, the paint can peel very easily. So, stay tuned for the guidelines:

With the round brush pass the white PVA base throughout the piece, you can also use a medium brush, if you prefer. This painting doesn’t have to be perfect, but there shouldn’t be any cracks in the wood. Also paint the embossments and holes. Allow to dry for 3 to 5 hours in the shade.

Once dry, use the steel wool to sand again. It is very thin and will remove any brush marks, leaving the surface smooth to receive the paint. After the process, clean it well with a damp cloth.

Step 3: Painting

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PHOTO: ISTOCK

After applying the white PVA paint, it’s time to start the final painting. With the wide flat brush, paint the entire object with the lightest paint – usually white in the case of traditional Provençal patina. For crevices and reliefs use the narrow flat brush. Let it dry for up to two days if necessary. After the first coat of paint, it may even look like the piece is poorly painted, but don’t be scared! This is because the ink is more absorbed in some parts and less in others.

Once dry, with the narrow brush, paint with the darkest paint of your choice the reliefs and points where you want to highlight the worn. Once again wait for it to dry very well.

Tips:

  • Water-based enamel paint is a great choice for this type of paint. It doesn’t have a strong smell and it dries quickly. If you like a more glossy effect, you can opt for satin enamel, which provides a semi-gloss finish.
  • You can also use paints for crafts, but for larger pieces it is more recommended to use common paints, as they yield more. Prices are more affordable and they are sold in larger quantities.
  • It is possible to use any color, but the Provencal style must use white as the predominant color. The combination with pastel shades looks beautiful in this patina style.
  • Avoid brushing too many times in the same place, as the brush starts to remove the fresh paint that has already been applied. Make back and forth movements, covering one part, and then move quickly to the other surface, still unpainted.

Step 4: Wearing the part

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PHOTO: ISTOCK

This is where we properly perform the patina effect. After the paint dries well, sand it once more with the steel wool and keep removing the layers of paint, with less force where you want the white to remain, and more forcefully where you want the wood to surface. That’s what will give the wear effect to your object. Some places will be straighter than others, and it is precisely this difference that gives the patina charm.

If you want to give the piece an even more aged look, dilute some of your lighter paint with water. With the wide brush, brush the object or furniture and immediately wipe off the excess with a dry cloth. It will look like it’s staining, but that’s exactly the effect it should have. Once dry, use fine sandpaper to wear out the reliefs, edges and corners of your piece, leaving the wood in plain view. That’s the charm of patina! Once finished, you will see different shades of color, from wood to lighter color, and the old effect will be much more apparent.

Tips:

  • It is not necessary to apply varnish, as the Provençal patina does not use this finish, but if you insist, use a water-based varnish.
  • For those who want more options for scraping in addition to steel wool and sandpaper, you can also use waxes, paraffins, candles and pieces of glass. The effect each of these items provides is different and unique. Glass is a very interesting option, especially for scraping the corners and partitions of furniture, as the paint comes out super easy. However, don’t forget to wear gloves so you don’t run the risk of getting cut.

Types of patina

The patina has many variations in style, colors and techniques, and you can even mix them up until you get the desired effect on the furniture or object you want to work with. Get to know some of the most used patina styles now:

colored patina

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / BEYOND RUA ATELIER

In the color patina, you can combine all sorts of colors you want or even just choose a vivid and vibrant color. Thus, you cause an aged effect, but at the same time, full of life. This shelf served as a corner for drinks with space reserved for the cellar and everything. The colors gave a creative touch to the furniture and even made a great combination with the also colored chair.

demolition patina

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / ATELIER DA LULU

The demolition patina is well worn and lacks shine. It mainly combines with the finishing of farm furniture and houses with a more country style, as the mixture of this style of painting with demolition wood makes the environment even more rustic. As you can see in this set of bench and coffee table, in this type of patina, the painting is well marked and even more imperfect.

aged patina

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / PATRÍCIA VAZ

As we have seen before, all types of patina cause the aging effect on the pieces. However, the aged patina technique further enhances this wear, as if it were natural due to the time of use. This patina also allows the combination of many variations of colors and tones, but the ideal is to use tone on tone precisely to enhance the effect of natural wear. This style is perfect for oratories, sacred images, chests, reliquaries, picture frames, etc.

washed patina

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / SARAH RAYALA

Washed patina is usually also done in tone on tone or with complementary tones with a slight difference between them. Choose a shade different from the color already painted and slowly dilute it in water, until it becomes a very watery paint. Apply it to the painted base and wipe off the excess with a dry cloth. It is this process that will give the washing effect. This vintage dresser is even more charming with this pale blue patina.

mexican patina

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / BEYOND RUA ATELIER

Mexican patina is also full of color. The difference between it and the colored patina, is that here the colors are all mixed and mixed at once, the background is very colorful and the coverage is lighter. It is a great option for those who want to highlight the characteristics of a well-worn furniture. Normally the most used colors are red, orange and yellow, but all kinds of colors are welcome.

Provençal patina

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / RESTORE

The Provençal patina, as we have already explained, uses white as its main base and is inspired by the charm and elegance of antique furniture from the Provence region, in southern France. The Provençal style mixes romantic and rustic elements. In this example, we see that in addition to the patina, the chairs are also part of the same style and the set made a beautiful composition.

36 ideas for furniture and objects with patina for you to fall in love

Check out some pieces with patina now for you to get inspired and start making at home.

1. Renovated tables and chairs

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / VIRGÍNIA RODRIGUES

This beautiful set of table and chairs gained a special touch with the colorful patina. An interesting detail is the combination of two different types of chair designs, which also received different painting styles, giving an even more laid-back air to the environment. In addition, the choice of colors is very Brazilian, isn’t it?

2. Special corner for plants

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / CALADIUM ARTS

This plant vase gained a little more than special place. The fair box was painted with patina, hung on the wall as if it were a painting, and it also received a beautiful motivating message. Also, the paint with different shades of green matched the plant perfectly.

3. Beautiful combination of mosaic and patina

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / BEYOND RUA ATELIER

This demolition wooden bench has been restored with mosaic and patina. As already explained, the patina on the demolition wood has this more matte aspect and makes the rustic style even more charming. In addition to the renewed look, the piece left the environment with more expression, good taste and exclusivity.

4. The balcony became more charming

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / RENATA ROMEIRO

This antique furniture gained more life after painting with aged patina. On the balcony, he was given the function of supporting potted plants and other decorative ornaments. Give your antique furniture an aged, charming and authentic finish using this technique.

5. Choosing colors makes all the difference

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / HOME STORIES

You can choose whatever colors you want to apply the patina, but always remember to consider the rest of your home decor, so that it makes a harmonious combination. Here, the small sideboard has gained a blue-green color, making a beautiful combination with the decorative objects that rest on its surface.

6. A tray full of style

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / TANARTE

This tray was painted using the Provencal patina technique. Notice how well the edges are frayed. Inside, we can see once again the combination with mosaics and decorated tiles, giving even more authenticity to the piece.

7. Create original pieces full of personality

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / VERONICA RATTO

Didn’t this frame look super authentic with the combination of patina and decorative spoons? It can be used as a kind of picture on the pantry wall or even used in the kitchen as a support for a dish towel.

8. The patina made the box even more delicate

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / DAYANA CARDOSO

Here, the highlight is the beautiful color combination of turquoise blue and gold, making a beautiful old gold effect. These boxes are also super easy to paint and look great with patina. In addition, they have different uses and can decorate different types of environments and rooms. This one in the photo is used to store tea.

9. The collection of mugs deserves a special piece of furniture

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / DONA DORCAS ATELIER

Mugs are useful and are also great decorative accessories, it’s no wonder that many people collect them. However, every good collection deserves a special place so that the objects are well organized and displayed. And how about this beautiful piece of furniture with patina taking over the coffee corner? The light color gave even more emphasis to the mugs.

10. A treat for the saints

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / BEYOND RUA ATELIER

Oratories and mini chapels are objects that look beautiful with patina, as they take us back to ancient times. In this example, the small doors of the oratory also received a beautiful and delicate painting of flowers and above, on the cross, a mirrored mosaic finish. The space for prayers was beautiful and charming.

11. The floor can also be painted with patina

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / PARADOR PARKE

A great way to restore that wooden floor that is already all peeled and lifeless is to apply patina. Thus, he will continue with that aged face, but with much more charm and beauty. This plank with light-toned patina combined perfectly with the room’s decor and added to the feeling of comfort.

12. Set of furniture to make the room even more beautiful

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / HARLEY & LOLA

In this room, all the wooden furniture received the same patina, forming a very harmonious whole. The combination with the wooden floor made the environment even more rustic, however, at the same time, the black iron details of the furniture gave a more modern look to the place.

13. Classic and romantic table

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / A1 LOFTS AND EXTENSIONS

Patina can be done on any surface, but the technique is even prettier on antique furniture with a more classic look, such as colonial-style dressers, dressers, nightstands, desks, or Provencal-style tables, like this little table in the photo. . The classic design was beautiful with the patina, giving that air of shabby chic to the room.

14. Great idea for potted plants

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / ARTELIVRE

How about these patinated wooden vases? You can add different types of plants and add more life and personality to your home. In this example, succulents and cacti were used, which contribute even more to that touch of rusticity together with the patina.

15. A creative idea

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / TANARTE

If you have a letterbox at home, you can customize it, leaving the corner of the letters super creative and cheerful. Here, in addition to the patina, the decoupage technique was also used with images related to the travel theme. Wasn’t it cute?

16. An extra charm for the sewing machine corner

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / BEYOND RUA ATELIER

Sewing is a real passion for many people. So why not make this work tool more beautiful and charming? This sewing machine base gained a rustic top made with aged patina. The painting further highlighted the beautifully designed table legs.

17. Modern and elegant door

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / TRIGG-SMITH ARCHITECTS

Patina usually gives a more rustic look to environments, but that’s not why it can’t match with more modern and sophisticated decorations too, it all depends on how you’re going to use it. This door, for example, is super elegant and perfectly matched the patina. The grid design, which resembles a leaf, made the choice of green color even more assertive.

18. A special touch for the sofa sideboard

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / LALY LEZCANO

Sideboards behind the sofa already leave the decor with a much more modern and authentic look, when they are painted with patina, the environment gains a lot more personality. Here, shades of beige and white were used, one of the most popular combinations of patina.

19. A stylish bath tub

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / RESTYLEXL

Who doesn’t like to relax in a delicious bath after a stressful and troubled day? In this bathroom, the bath becomes even more pleasant due to the beautiful decoration. The patina of the countertop cabinet and mirror frame made the environment more welcoming.

20. Delicate oratorio with washed patina

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / STUDIO SÓCRATES REZENDE

Here we have beautiful craft work. Our Lady of Fátima in terracotta has been specially painted with a washed patina and the interior of the oratory, made with ecological wood, is finished in pastel shades of blue and green. The piece was beautiful decorating the wall.

21. A versatile and cheerful bench

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / YARD SMELL

Patina is excellent for giving a new look to furniture and disguising imperfections. This Venetian style bench is made from reclaimed wood and is much more cheerful and vivid with the yellow color. Highlight for the well worn edges and edges, one of the main characteristics of the patina.

22. Aged patina in a beautiful coffee corner

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / SOPATINA

Patina can be made on different surfaces, but wood is still the type of material that most receives this technique. And when it comes to aged patina, wood is even higher. This corner of the cafe was a charm with the combination of the patina with the other decorative elements.

23. Cachepot with Provencal patina

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / ART EMPORIUM

Cachepots are containers with many different uses, models, colors and sizes. They are usually used as potted plants and look great in any room in the house. In this example, it was painted using the Provencal patina technique, with the sharp edges in wood and the color white.

24. Rustic and striking closet

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / MAGNOLIA HOMES

The success of the patina is proof that the marks of time are very charming and beautiful. The technique presupposes age, past time and wear and tear. This cabinet looks like it’s been pretty battered by time, but in fact, the secret to this beautiful effect was caused by the patina technique.

25. With patina it is possible to give a new face to used furniture

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / BEYOND RUA ATELIER

If you like decorations with a more retro look, patina is a perfect solution to renew the environment while maintaining the vintage feel proposed by this method of painting. Do you have a used, boring piece of furniture and don’t know what to do with it? Make a beautiful patina and use it to decorate that half lifeless corner of the house.

26. An oratory full of flowers

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / TANARTE

Here, we can see another example of combining patina with decoupage. In this case, the patina is very subtle and barely noticeable, it is only present in the details. This more understated style of patina is also quite successful and is used by many people.

27. A mirror that stands out

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / JANE KIM DESIGN

This mirror is the highlight of the decoration of this bathroom, not only for its size, but also for the beautiful green patina wall that accompanies it. This shade made an amazing combination with the bench and the wooden floor. Speaking of the countertop, it also received a soft patina with shades of green and dark colors that give off the stained wood effect.

28. Old dresser renovated by patina

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / PERFECTLY IMPERFECT

In addition to beautifying and giving a different face to furniture decoration, the patina also serves to protect the surface that has been painted, creating an attractive and pleasant look. The faded and scratched effect manages to innovate the finish of a piece, leaving it with a charming, aged, Provençal look.

29. Another beautiful support for the little plants

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / SOPATINA

Using hanging flower vases is a very charming way to decorate environments and is increasingly popular, especially in outdoor areas that receive a lot of light. Here, the support was on account of this old window frame that was even more beautiful with the colored patina. Note that the window on the side was also painted using the same technique.

30. Spacious and harmonious kitchen

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / MADUEÑO ARCHITECTURE & ENGINEERING

This beautiful, spacious and bright kitchen is charming with the patina on the cabinets, drawers and windows. Here, the patina effect was very smooth, but still catches the eye. The blue used is beautiful and vivid and went very well with the rest of the decor.

31. Iron support with patina and stencil

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / TANARTE

As we’ve seen in most of the examples, patina is often used on furniture and wooden objects, but it can also be done on metal and iron parts. This little door received the popular white patina and also gained details in floral stencils. The combination was beautiful, right?

32. White patina on the wall of the baby’s room

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / JULIETTE DOCES E DECOR

The baby’s room gained a special touch with this very soft and subtle patina on the wall. The white color is predominant and made a beautiful combination with the different shades of pink. This example shows that this technique also suits children’s decor very well.

33. A more than stylish country house

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / FERRARO HABITAT

The decoration of this country house is of extreme good taste and super cozy. The choice of colors for the patina of the wooden sideboard perfectly matched the color palette of the environment. Seriously, don’t you feel like dropping everything and going there?

34. Another example of patina on the door

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / PRISCILA BOLDRINI

Here, we see another example of patina on the door. The rusticity of the patina and the coffee table makes a perfect balance with the leather furniture that already exists in the space. Is your house door in need of a good renovation? Consider retreading with the patina, the effect is amazing!

35. Sustainability and beauty

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / CRAFTSMAN

Fair crates can be reused and given different functions at home. In addition, they also make great decorative elements. In this example, the box became a nightstand and received a beautiful white patina painting. Thus, you contribute to the environment and still make your home more beautiful and authentic.

36. Comfortable and inviting room

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PHOTO: REPRODUCTION / HOME DECO DECORACIÓN

The patina can be made in several colors, but light tones are the most used, as they combine with different types of environments. It is noteworthy that the most used color combinations are white with beige, white with brown and white with black.

What’s up? How about trying the patina in your home? Over time, the furniture takes on a worn and ugly look and needs a makeover. This is a great technique to renew them and make them romantic and rustic at the same time. Start with that old piece that was about to be discarded and surprise yourself! Nothing better than practice to achieve even better results. A simple and economical way to renew your decor!